This is a study exploring the feasibility of implementing a universal test and treat (UTT) approach to address HIV and TB in selected prisons in South Africa and Zambia.
Inmates have higher prevalence of both HIV and TB than those found across the general population, and there are concerns about transmission within correctional facilities. Implementing national policies of UTT - offering testing to all inmates, and putting those that test positive onto treatment immediately - should improve the health of inmates and significantly reduce transmission.
Aurum Institute is leading this study, which is assessing issues such as the resources (financial and human) needed for UTT implementation in correctional settings, and the key enabling and constraining factors.
The study is taking place in partnership with the TB/HIV Care Association in South Africa and CIDRZ in Zambia. Working with the Department of Correctional Services in South Africa and Zambia Correctional Services, the study is focussing on prisons in Johannesburg and the Western Cape in South Africa, and Lusaka Central.
Increasing HIV screening, diagnosis, and treatment in a large Zambian correctional facility: Interim results from a prison-focused Universal Test and Treat program, Hatwindae et al, TasP. THPEE752
HIV and TB services and surveillance in correctional facilities.
The Aurum Institute is carrying out this study to explore and assess policies and practices related to HIV and TB services and surveillance in correctional facilities in six countries in southern Africa.